Fluid Mechanics and Machines Lab


  • Campus

    Technology Campus (Peenya Campus)
  • Used By

    Students, Current Students, Faculty / Staff, Research
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Details

The Fluids Lab is designed and equipped to support the curriculum of B. Tech in Mechanical Engineering, Aerospace Engineering, Automobile Engineering, and Civil Engineering. The lab has the tools, machines, and set up necessary to conduct over 25 experiments on topics related to the fundamental laws of fluid mechanics. This includes Pascal’s Law, Archimedes’ Principle, Reynold’s dye test, and hydraulic machines that include positive displacement pumps, centrifugal pumps, and turbines. These setups are also used as a part of training courses and the M. Tech program on Sanitation and Waste Management

Particulars of the Facility

Total area of the lab : 174.56 sq m

Salient Features
Sl. NoName of the FacilitySpecificationsQuantity
1Surface Tension Test setupFluid: Water • Jaeger’s Apparatus • Capillary Tube • Glass beaker • Thermometer • Traveling microscope1 no.
2Centre of pressure on submerged plane surfaceTANKS: Buoyancy Tank — 10 liters, Sump Tank — 90 liters : S.S • WEIGHTS, PENDULUM & PROTRACTOR. 1 no.
3Buoyancy and Metacentre• TANKS: Buoyancy Tank – 10 liters, Sump Tank — 90 liters : S.S • WEIGHTS, PENDULUM & PROTRACTOR. 1 no.
4Flow through Pipes (Major losses)• G.I. PIPE: 1 inch, Ÿ inch & œ inch, 1 inch PVC. • MANOMETER: Transparent acrylic Mercury column, 550 mm, U – tube • PIEZOMETER: 400 mm long, transparent Acrylic with scale. • PUMP:1 hp, Kirloskar make • TANK (S.S): Sump Tank — 79 liters capacity • Delivery tank — 32 liters capacity with overflow arrangement & • Butterfly valve. • PRESSURE TAPPING VALVES :8 Nos., Œ” ball valve,1 no.
5Loss of head in pipe fittings• · G.I.FITTINGS: Sudden contraction and Expansion, Collar, Union, 90° elbow & bend, 45° elbow & bend, Non-return Valve, Wheel Valve, Gate Valve. (All of 1 inch size). • MANOMETER: Transparent acrylic Mercury column, 550mm height, U – tube • PIEZOMETER: 400 mm long, Transparent Acrylic. • PUMP: 1 hp, Kirloskar make • TANKS (S.S): Sump Tank ‑79 liters capacity • Delivery tank — 32 liters capacity with overflow arrangement & Butterfly valve • PRESSURE TAPPING VALVES : 20 Nos. Œ” ball valve,1 no.
6Reynolds Apparatus• GLASS TUBE: 25 mm Dia, 600 mm long. • MONOBLOCK PUMP: Sharp make, 0.25 hp. • PIEZOMETER: 1No, 200 mm long, Acryli • TANKS: Sump Tank- 60 liters capacity • Feed tank — 19 liters capacity • Die tank — 31 liters capacity 1 no.
7Water Flow meter• WATERMETE: 0 – 30 LPM • ROTAMETER: 0 – 30 LPM • MONOBLOCK PUMP: Kirloskar make, 0.5 hp. • PIEZOMETER: 300 mm long, transparent acrylic. • TANKS (S.S) : Sump Tank — 79 liters capacity, • Delivery tank — 32 liters capacity, with Butterfly valve & Overflow arrangement. • CONTROLLING VALVES: 1 inch wheel valve, Elems make.1
8Orifice meter, and Venturimeter, Nozzle meter,Rotameter• ORIFICE METER: Transparent Acrylic body, inlet diameter 25 mm, throat diameter 12.5 mm, S.S orifice plate. VENTURI METER: Transparent Acrylic body, inlet diameter 25 mm, throat diameter 12.5 mm. • MANOMETER: Transparent acrylic Mercury column, 550mm height, U – tube. • PIEZOMETER: Transparent acrylic of 400mm long with scale • PUMP: 0.5 hp, Kirloskar make • TANKS(S.S): Sump Tank- 79 liters capacity • Delivery tank — 32 liters capacity with overflow arrangement & Butterfly valve. • PRESSURE TAPPING VALVES : 4 Nos., 1/4″ m ball valve,1 no.
9Nozzle Meter AND ROTAMETER SETUP• NOZZLE METER: Transparent Acrylic body, inlet diameter 25 mm, throat diameter 12.5 mm. • ROTAMETER: 0 – 50 LPM • MANOMETER: Differential type, for measurement of head • PIEZOMETER: 400 mm long, transparent Acrylic with scale. • PUMP: 0.5 hp, Branded make • TANK (S.S): Sump Tank — 79 liters capacity • Delivery tank — 32 liters capacity with overflow arrangement & Butterfly valve • PRESSURE TAPPING VALVES : 02 Nos., “ ball valve.1 no.
10Air flow meter and Pitot Tube• PITOT TUBE: S.S & Copper pipes • PITOT TUBE TRAVERSING MECHANISM:1 –D Vertical movement • DIGITAL METER: Differential type, for measurement of velocity • CENTRIFUGAL BLOWER: 0.5 hp, • BLOWER SPEED CONTROL: Variable frequency drive • VENTURIMETER: M.S. for discharge measurement • MANOMETER: U’ YOUtube-400 mm , acrylic, to measure head at Venturimeter1 no
11NOTCHES• NOTCH PLATES: Rectangular, V‑notch (60° and 90°) Trapezoidal • PIEZOMETER: 400 mm long, transparent acrylic • PUMP: Kirloskar make, 1.5hp, 220 V, 1 ph. • TANKS(S.S): Sump Tank — 116 liters capacity • Delivery Tank — 32 liters capacity • Weir Tank ‑75 liters capacity, Overflow arrangement & Butterfly valve. • HOOK GAUGE: 250 mm height.1 no.
12WEIR AND FLUME APPARATUS• WEIRS: Broad crest, Sharp crest, Ogee. • FLUME: Inlet 150 mm, Throat 75 mm. • PIEZOMETER: 400 mm long, transparent acrylic • PUMP: Kirloskar make, 1.5hp, 220 V, 1 ph. • TANKS(S.S): Sump Tank 116 liters capacity • Delivery Tank — 32 liters capacity • Weir Tank ‑75 liters capacity, Overflow arrangement & Butterfly valve. • HOOK GAUGE: 250 mm height. 1 no.
13Impact of Jet on Vanes• NOZZLES: Brass with dia of 4mm, 6mm and 8 mm. • MODELS: Transparent Acrylic of Flat, Hemispherical & Incline (60°) shapes. • PUMP: 0.5 hp, Kirloskar make. • TANKS( S.S): Sump Tank — 64 liters capacity • JET CHAMBER(S.S.): Transparent Acrylic Windows, • JET CHAMBER(S.S.): Transparent Acrylic Windows, • 350mm × 350mm square. • FORCE MECHANISM: By Load Cell (0−15 kg) and Digital Indicator • ROTAMETER: Water flow measurement, 0 – 30 LPM. 1 no.
14Orifice and Mouthpiece• MOUTH PIECE: Brass, Straight, Convergent, Divergent. • ORIFICE: 6 mm, 8 mm & 10mm. • PIEZOMETER: 2 no’s, 350 mm long, of transparent Acrylic. • PUMP: Kirloskar make, 0.5 hp. • TANKS: Sump Tank- 95 liters capacity • Delivery tank — 32 liters capacity • Feed tank — 63 liters capacity with overflow arrangement & Butterfly valve. • HOOK GAUGE: 250 mm height, X (550 mm) ‑Y (150 mm) • Coordinate measurement.1 no.
15Flow through Series and Parallel pipes• SERIES FLOW PIPE SIZE: G.I,1 inch, Ÿ inch & œ inch each 500 mm long . • PARALLEL FLOW PIPE SIZE : G.I, 1 inch, Ÿ inch & œ inch, each 1000 mm long • MANOMETER : Transparent acrylic Mercury column, 550 mm, U– tube • PIEZOMETER: 400 mm long, transparent Acrylic with scale. • PUMP: 1 hp, Kirloskar make • TANKS (S.S): Sump Tank — 79 liters capacity • Delivery tank — 32 liters capacity with overflow arrangement & Butterfly valve. • PRESSURE TAPPING VALVES: 14 Nos., “ ball valve, R.B. make.1 no
16Bernoulli Apparatus• VENTURI METER: 25mm Inlet & 12.5 mm Throat (Transparent Acrylic). • MONOBLOCK PUMP: Kirloskar make, 0.5 hp. • PIEZOMETER: 1No, 250 mm long, transparent acrylic. • MULTIBANK MANOMETER: 1No, 10 points, transparent acrylic • TANKS: Sump Tank- 60 liters capacityFeed tank — 11 liters capacity, 2 in nos • Delivery tank- 18 liters capacity 1 no.
17Pelton Wheel• ROTOR: 250 mm Diameter, 20 Cups, Aluminium material • POWER OUTPUT: 1.5 hp at 1000 rpm • SPHERE VALVE ASSEMBLY: S.S, 20 mm jet. • LOADING: Rope Brake Drum, 250 mm diameter. Force indicators of 0 – 10 Kg. • OPERATING HEAD: 30 – 50 meters • MONOBLOCK PUMP: 7.5 HP, two stage • TANKS (S.S): Sump Tank-250 liters. capacity • DIGITAL SPEED INDICATOR: With proximity Sensor, for rpm measurement. • PRESSURE GAUGE: 2 Nos • DISCHARGE MEASUREMENT: 2” Venturimeter, Stainless steel • CONTROLLING VALVES: 1 No, wheel valve, Branded make. • SUPPLY : 3 ph, 440 V, 32 Amps to be provided by the user.1 no.
18Multistage centrifugal pump•PUMP: FOUR stages, KSB make. • MOTOR: Compton Greaves make. • PIEZOMETER: 400mm long, transparent acrylic. • TANKS (: S.S): Sump Tank ‑250 liters capacity • Measuring Tank ‑110 liters capacity (Overflow arrangement with Butterfly valve) • DIGITAL SPEED RPM INDICATOR: With proximity Sensor, for rpm measurement. • INPUT POWER MEASUREMENT: Energy meter • PRESSURE GAUGE: 4 Nos. • VACUUM GAUGE: 1 No., 0 – 760 mm of Hg. • CONTROLLING VALVE: 2 Nos., wheel & gate valve, Branded make. • SUPPLY: 3 ph, 440 V, 32 Amps. 1 no
19Francis setup• ROTOR: 180 mm Diameter, 8 blades, Gun Metal./C.I • POWER OUTPUT: 5 hp. • VOLUTE CASING: C.I. • GUIDE VANES: 8 No.s, with mechanism to change vane angle. • LOADING: Alternator, 4 KVA, (Lamp Loading, 200 W). • OPERATING HEAD: 10 – 15 meters • MONOBLOCK PUMP: Branded Make. • DISCHARGE MEASUREMENT: S.S. • TANKS (S.S) Sump Tank- 880 liters capacity • STARTER: Branded make with MCB, console switch and red indicator. • DIGITAL SPEED INDICATOR: With proximity Sensor for rpm measurement. • PRESSURE GAUGE: 2 Nos. • VACUUM GAUGE: 1no., 0 – 760 mm of Hg • ENERGY METER: for output measurement, Branded make. • CONTROLLING VALVES: Butterfly Valve. • SUPPLY: 3 ph, 440 V, 32 Amps to be provided by user. 1 no.
20Reciprocating PUMP• PUMP: 1 hp. • MOTOR (A.C): Compton Greaves make, 1.5 hp, 3 speeds. • PIEZOMETER: 450 mm long, Acrylic. • TANKS (S.S) : Sump Tank — 105 liters capacity • Measuring Tank — 46 liters capacity (Overflow arrangement with Butterfly valve). • INPUT POWER MEASUREMENT: By Energy meter, Branded make • DIGITAL SPEED INDICATOR: With proximity Sensor, for rpm measurement. • PRESSURE GAUGE: 1 No., 0 – 4 Kg/​cm2 • VACUUM GAUGE: 1 No., 0 – 760mm Hg. • PIPE LINE: G.I. pipes of 1″ & 1″ • CONTROLLING VALVES: 2 Nos., wheel valve, Gate valve, Branded make. • SUPPLY: 1 ph, 220 V, 15 Amps to be provided by user.1 no.
21Two stage Reciprocating Compressor• Compressor : 3 HP (ELGI Make) 12Kg/​Cm2 (max pressure) • Motor: 3 HP, 1500 RPM • Stages: Two — Stage. • Air flow measurement: By Orifice with air box & transparent acrylic manometer. • Pressure Measurement: By Analogue pressure gauges, 2 Nos. • Temperature Measurement: By Temperature Indicator with 8 way channel selector. • Speed Measurement: By Digital RPM Indicator • Power Measurement: By Energy meter1 no.
22Kaplan Turbine• Computerized data processing • Horizontal Shaft • ROTOR: 150 mm Diameter, 4 blades, Gun Metal /C.I. with an angle changing mechanism. • POWER OUTPUT: 1. 5 HP • VOLUTE CASING: C.I. • LOADING: Alternator, Branded Make, 4 KVA, (Lamp Loading, 10 Nos. 200 W). • OPERATING HEAD: 5 – 10 meters. • MONOBLOCK PUMP: 20 hp, Branded Make • TANKS (S.S) : Sump Tank – 880 liters capacity • STARTER: Branded make with MCB, console switch and red indicator. • DIGITAL SPEED INDICATOR: With proximity Sensor for rpm measurement. • WATT METER: for power output measurement, Branded make. • DISCHARGE MEASUREMENT: Venturimeter or Bend meter, S.S. • PRESSURE SENSOR & INDICATOR: 2 Nos. sensor & 1 indicator for discharge measurement. • VACUUM SENSOR & INDICATOR: 1 No. for suction measurement. • CONTROLLING VALVES: Butterfly Valve. • SUPPLY: 3 ph, 440 V, 32 Amps to be provided by user.1 no.
23GEAR PUMP• PUMP: Branded Make. • MOTOR (A.C): Branded make, 1 hp. 3 speeds. • PIEZOMETER: 400 mm long, Acrylic. • TANKS (S.S): Sump Tank – 105 liters capacity, • Measuring Tank – 46 liters capacity • INPUT POWER MEASUREMENT: By Energy meter, Branded make. • DIGITAL SPEED INDICATOR: With proximity Sensor, for rpm measurement • DIGITAL SPEED INDICATOR: With proximity Sensor, for rpm measurement • PRESSURE GAUGE: 1 No., 0 – 2 Kg/​cm2 • VACUUM GAUGE: 1 No., 0 – 760mm Hg. • PIPE LINE: G.I. pipe of 1”. • CONTROLLING VALVES: 1 No., wheel valve, Branded make. • SUPPLY: 1 ph, 220 V, 15 Amps to be provided by user.1 no.
24Centrifugal Blower Test Rig Drive: AC motor, 1HP Standard make. Blower : Centrifugal, Forced Draft Type Impeller (3 Nos.) : Forward Curved, Backward Curved & Radial CurvedPitot Tube (with manometer): For Static, Dynamic & Differential Pressure measurement. Stop watch Energy measurement : Electronic Energy meter. MCB : For Overload Protection. Standard make On/​Off Switch, Mains Indicator, etc1 no.